Archaeology: human remains

Week 29 Burials between St Mary's (left) and 12th century church
Burials in the old graveyard

Given that all the area of the dig had been either inside the chancel-end of the church, or outside in the graveyard, a large number of burials were anticipated.┬áThis photograph shows the area which had been the graveyard to the east of the church (seen to the right) until St Mary’s Chapel (to the left) was built in the mid-1400s. The number of burials surpassed the expectation. In total a little over 2000 individuals were represented. Over 900 of these were complete (or partially complete) burials, whilst the remainder were ‘disarticulated’, meaning that they had been disturbed in some way.

Week 35 Bones placed in the wall and another skeletong
Bones built into a wall

 

 

 

Often the disturbance happened when subsequent graves were being prepared. However, there were several places where bones had been built into the walls as shown in the photograph.

 

 

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Measuring a bone in the lab

Bones can tell osteo-archaeologists a great deal about the person such as age, sex, some of the diseases they suffered from, how good their diet had been. The remains uncovered have been studied in considerable detail and it is hoped that this fascinating information will be published in due course. In the meantime, the remains are being kept safe.

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This person had rickets

 

 

A crypt for their reburial has been designed for positioning below the floor of the new internal building. Once we are in a position to start work, all the remains will be re-interred as part of a religious ceremony involving  representatives of the appropriate Christian denominations.